Ethnic identity amongst the mixed-bloods of the Great Lakes Region, 1760-1830


Gorham, Harriet R. (Harriet Ruth)




Between 1740 and 1840 the Great Lakes region supported a sizeable mixed-blood population specialized in the fur trade and Indian affairs. This group did not develop a shared sense of ethnic consciousness during this period. A preference for exogamous mating patterns hindered their ability to form a culturally self-sustaining group. "Marital" alliances crossed ethnic differences more readily than class barriers, channelling inter-group relations along class lines. Surrounding Indian and White groups did not develop identifiable ethnic categories for mixed-blood individuals before 1820. Certain mixed-bloods formed a moving cultural bridge between Indian and White societies, with individuals slipping back and forth between roles in both societies . Mixed-blood social roles and ethnic identities were often the result of individual preference. Gender roles may have been subject to cultural influences from the parent societies that were sex-specific.


Metis -- Great Lakes Region (North America) -- Ethnic Identity
Great Lakes Region (North America) -- History




Carleton University

Thesis Degree Name: 

Master of Arts: 

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Thesis Degree Discipline: 

Canadian Studies

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Theses and Dissertations

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