Development of Palladium-Catalyzed Decarboxylative Allylation of Electron-Deficient Sulfones: Method Development and Mechanistic Studies

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Creator: 

Gill, Monica

Date: 

2015

Abstract: 

Palladium-catalyzed decarboxylative allylation is a powerful method of carbon-carbon bond construction. This methodology relies on an electron-withdrawing group to promote the reaction. The use of sulfones in decarboxylative allylation has been explored using both the trifluoromethylsulfonyl (triflyl) group, as well as the bis(3,5-trifluoromethyl)phenylsulfonyl (BTMP) group. These substrates are highly reactive at room temperature (triflyl) and 50 oC (BTMP sulfones). A detailed mechanistic study using deuterium-labelled substrates was performed to understand the origin of the protonation side-product. It was proposed that a β-hydride elimination from the η1 allyl on palladium could generate a palladium hydride intermediate along with an allene. Although small amounts of deuterium incorporation were observed in the protonated products, the proposed mechanism could not be the major pathway. Using isotopically labelled ligand, however, all protonation was surpressed. This suggests that the origin of the proton is actually from the ligand and that kinetic isotope effects may be responsible for inhibiting the protonation pathway with labelled ligand.

Subject: 

Organic Chemistry

Language: 

English

Publisher: 

Carleton University

Thesis Degree Name: 

Doctor of Philosophy: 
Ph.D.

Thesis Degree Level: 

Doctoral

Thesis Degree Discipline: 

Chemistry

Parent Collection: 

Theses and Dissertations

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