Child Abuse, Its Aftermath, and Criminal Recidivism in a Mixed Gender Sample of Adolescent Offenders

It appears your Web browser is not configured to display PDF files. Download adobe Acrobat or click here to download the PDF file.

Click here to download the PDF file.


Wanamaker, Kayla Ann




The current study examines if childhood abuse increases the likelihood of criminal recidivism through four potential mediators—deviant peers, substance abuse, running away from home, and internalizing behaviours (i.e., anxiety, depression), and determine if these relationships vary across gender. To test these relationships, a prospective research design was used with 332 justice-involved youth (113 females, 219 males; ages 12-21). Official provincial recidivism data was obtained and the average follow up time was 30.43 months (SD = 4.96). Overall, substance abuse and deviant peers
significantly and positively mediated the relationship between childhood abuse and criminal recidivism for males only. Internalizing behaviours and running away from home, however, were not found to mediate the relationship between child abuse and criminal recidivism for either gender. Limitations include reliance on a simplistic measure of childhood abuse. Results suggest that an integrated approach of combining gender-neutral and gender-specific theories of criminal behaviour is warranted.


Psychology - Experimental




Carleton University

Thesis Degree Name: 

Master of Arts: 

Thesis Degree Level: 


Thesis Degree Discipline: 


Parent Collection: 

Theses and Dissertations

Items in CURVE are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. They are made available with permission from the author(s).