Prison guards play a key role in prisons as they are situated directly between prisoners and prison administration. This project examines the early history of the professionalization of Canadian prison guards. It looks at early discussions amongst prison and government officials, efforts that were taken to create training programs and the implementation of those programs. The discussions of prison guard training began to increase in the 1920s in Canada, but it was not until the 1930s that we begin to see efforts to try to gather information to produce training programs. These efforts came at a time when prison conditions were at an all-time low across the country resulting in multiple riots and disturbances. Due to major media coverage and multiple government investigations, over the next few decades, different programs were developed. By the 1950s Canada saw its very first prison guard training school.