The sedimentological and Arsenic contamination history of Frame Lake, Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, Canada

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Creator: 

Menard, Etienne

Date: 

2018

Abstract: 

Frame Lake, a small (88.4 ha), shallow (< 6.5m), high-latitude lake near Yellowknife was selected to test the feasibility of using sub-bottom profiling to estimate total volumes of heavy metal contaminated sediments in lacustrine environments. Physical and ICP-MS analyses were carried out on freeze cores collected from Frame Lake, sedimentological marker beds and 14C dating was used to chronologically constrain depositional history. ICP-MS results showed high levels of arsenic contamination (~1538 µg g-1) in recent sediments results in distinct seismic reflectors, which contrasts sharply with measured Holocene values of 16 µg g-1 (n=41, ± 5.4 SD). Comparison of core data against sub-bottom profiler transect results permitted an interpolated reconstruction of contaminated sediments throughout the lake. Based on our analysis, a minimum of ~230,000 m3 of contaminated sediments would need to be dredged from Frame Lake to achieve a minimum residual sediment arsenic concentration of < 150 µg g-1.

Subject: 

Paleontology
Environmental Sciences
Geochemistry

Language: 

English

Publisher: 

Carleton University

Thesis Degree Name: 

Master of Science: 
M.Sc.

Thesis Degree Level: 

Master's

Thesis Degree Discipline: 

Earth Sciences

Parent Collection: 

Theses and Dissertations

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