Effects of Blast Loading on Seismically Detailed Reinforced Concrete Columns

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Creator: 

Kyei, Conrad

Date: 

2014

Abstract: 

Terrorist attacks in recent decades have led to growing concerns about the performance of buildings designed by well-established conventional design methods under blast loading. The concerns arise from the response of buildings and fatalities in popular terrorist attacks such as the Alfred P. Murrah Building explosion. It has become imperative to investigate the performance of load-bearing members to blast loading.
The effect of seismic detailing of RC columns on their blast-resistance was investigated using the LS-DYNA program.
The blast resistance of the seismically-detailed columns
increased, especially to close-in blast loading. The effects of axial load ratios (ALRs) were investigated in the numerical study. Increasing ALRs increased the blast-resistance of the columns. However, at high ALRs, the columns suffered compressive concrete crushing leading to higher lateral displacements and instability. At higher scaled distances, increasing ALRs resulted in reduced lateral displacements; with the seismically-detailed columns offering little advantage over the conventionally-detailed columns.

Subject: 

Engineering - Civil

Language: 

English

Publisher: 

Carleton University

Thesis Degree Name: 

Master of Applied Science: 
M.App.Sc.

Thesis Degree Level: 

Master's

Thesis Degree Discipline: 

Engineering, Civil

Parent Collection: 

Theses and Dissertations

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