This thesis explores historical trauma in the context of two governmental policies of Indigenous child removal: Indian Residential Schools (IRS) and the Sixties Scoop. Necropolitics, as theory, is addressed in relation to these policies. IRS and the Sixties Scoop contributed to intergenerational physiological and psychological trauma, including feelings of a loss of culture and language as well as historical trauma responses of depression and substance abuse. Nonetheless, there remains a spirit of individual and community resilience within many Indigenous communities in Canada. Through a critical discourse analysis and an historical trauma lens, the research examines how national governmental policies have contributed to a disproportionate number of Indigenous children in the child welfare system.