The successive waves of Chinese intellectual criticism and student movements correspond to political generations. Yet the generational model, which describes the relationship between different generations of the Chinese intellectuals and the Chinese Communist Party, has been the most underdeveloped model in the study of Chinese politics. The problem of Chinese intellectuals has often been approached from an individual and biographical perspective. Under the generational framework, this thesis systematically analyzes the political conflict that exists between the intellectuals and the CCP in the post-Mao era, which the author believes is an essential conflict between generations. The Cultural Revolution divides current Chinese society into two groups: the older generations and the younger generations. The young people are creating a new world in which individual dignity will be the fundamental concern and fighting for the replacement of the old world established by the elders, which is collective-orientated.