“Sticks and stones may break my bones”: The role of resilience as a mediator between traditional and cyberbullying experiences and psychological adjustment in early adulthood

It appears your Web browser is not configured to display PDF files. Download adobe Acrobat or click here to download the PDF file.

Click here to download the PDF file.


Vanden Hanenberg, Emily Michelle




Bullying, both traditional and cyber, is a well-studied phenomenon, and justifiably so. Research has recently begun to explore how resilience may play a role in mitigating the harmful effects of bullying. Two hundred and thirty undergraduate students completed a series of online surveys that assessed bullying experiences, personal resilience, overall well-being, and symptoms of depression and anxiety. Confirmatory Factor Analyses and subsequent Exploratory Factor Analyses were completed for each measure. Mediation analyses revealed that resilience mediated the relationship between traditional bullying and symptoms of depression and overall well-being, but not anxiety. Resilience did not mediate the relationship between cyberbullying and psychological adjustment, as cyberbullying was not significantly associated with resilience. It is proposed that future research continue to investigate the association between bullying, resilience, and other factors that contribute to this relationship in order to gain a more holistic understanding.


Psychology - Developmental




Carleton University

Thesis Degree Name: 

Master of Arts: 

Thesis Degree Level: 


Thesis Degree Discipline: 


Parent Collection: 

Theses and Dissertations

Items in CURVE are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. They are made available with permission from the author(s).