Remote and rural communities located across Canada face several energy system related concerns such as high heating and electricity rates, dependence on imported energy, and low levels of energy security and autonomy. In recent years, significant progress has been made with regards to developing demand and supply-side technology-based interventions that allow remote and rural communities to address these problems in a manner that is both economically viable and environmentally sound. Two prominent interventions that fall within these categories are building-based envelope energy retrofits and biomass driven district heating grids. This research explores the potential benefits and tradeoff of these interventions when implemented in Canada's northern remote and rural communities. The MoCreebec Eeyoud indigenous community of Moose Factory, Ontario is used as the case study in the analysis.