The Muslims of China and the "Frontier Question" after Empire: Revisiting Ma Zhongying's 1931 Invasion of Republican Xinjiang

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Gosselin, Paul Gabriel




This thesis examines the roles that Chinese-speaking Muslims, or Dungans, played in twentieth-century China's empire-to-republic transition, from the abdication of the last imperial dynasty in 1912 to the military expeditions of Chinese-speaking Muslims in republican China's northwestern frontiers in the 1910s-1930s. Focusing on the context behind a Chinese Muslim invasion from Gansu province into neighbouring Xinjiang in 1931, it argues that such Chinese Muslim interventions along the borderlands of China's cultural-political cores facilitated the integration of post-imperial territories into the new republican state. Ultimately, the Gansu Muslim invasion of Xinjiang emerged from the long-standing roles of Chinese Muslims as frontier intermediaries, which had roots in the last dynasty's attempts to govern its distant and majority-Turkic dominion in Xinjiang, and continued to evolve in the 1910s-1930s as republican Chinese authorities sought to re-assert control over the border regions of the former empire.


History - Asia, Australia, and Oceania
History - Modern




Carleton University

Thesis Degree Name: 

Master of Arts: 

Thesis Degree Level: 


Thesis Degree Discipline: 

European, Russian and Eurasian Studies

Parent Collection: 

Theses and Dissertations

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