Robust silicon waveguide polarization rotator with an amorphous silicon overlayer

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  • Xiong, Yule
  • Xu, Dan-Xia
  • Schmid, Jens H.
  • Cheben, Pavel
  • Janz, Siegfried
  • Ye, Winnie N.


Wednesday, February 19, 2014


We propose a robust polarization rotator based on the mode-evolution mechanism. The polarization rotation in a silicon wire waveguide is achieved by forming an amorphous silicon (a-Si) overlayer and an SiO2 spacer on top of the waveguide. A strip pattern of a constant width is designed to be etched through the overlayer at a specific angle with respectto the Si waveguide. The asymmetry in the a-Si overlayer affects the waveguide mode by rotating the modal axis. This polarization rotator design is amenable to comparatively simple fabrication compatible with standard silicon photonic processing for integration. The length ofthe rotation section is 17 µm, and the broadband operation is achieved with a rotation efficiency higher than 90% for a wavelength range exceeding 135 nm. A maximum polarization rotation efficiency of 99.5% is predicted by calculation.

Keywords: Silicon waveguide, polarization rotation, amorphous silicon.


IEEE Photonics Journal

Peer Review: 

Published in Peer Reviewed Journal

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