CityBreeder: City Design with Evolutionary Computation

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Cohen, Adam Theodore Swan




Cities are complex entities which play important roles in the lives of the many people who
inhabit them. The process of creating city designs is a complex, time-consuming endeavour,
pursued by several dierent groups. Though procedural techniques have been developed
to speed up this process, virtually none enable the creation of designs based on multiple
existing designs. This thesis presents CityBreeder, a system which enables the rapid, userguided development of city designs based on the blending of multiple existing city designs.
Almost no previous research has been conducted regarding this capability.
This capability is achieved through the use of Evolutionary Computation, which is used
to discover the genetic representation of existing city designs derived from real city data
obtained from OpenStreetMap. Once discovered, these cities can be `bred' together, creating
new ospring designs. More of this thesis is concerned with the rst portion of this task:
the discovery of the genetic representations of real city designs. The combination of these
cities is given less attention, but is explored through several demonstrations which show this
capability is achieved.
More specically, CityBreeder employs Genetic Programming on a layered quadtree genotype representation to create phenotype city designs consisting of road layouts comprised of
nodes and edges. Additionally, a genotype-to-phenotype expression mechanism, genetic operators and a tness function employing computational geometry techniques are presented
and tested, all of which are tailored to the city design context. Experiments and examples
are shown which analyze the system's representation and operators using simple, articially
constructed data, as well as through experiments showing the system functioning with data
derived from real cities.


PHYSICAL SCIENCES Artificial Intelligence




Carleton University

Thesis Degree Name: 

Master of Computer Science: 

Thesis Degree Level: 


Thesis Degree Discipline: 

Computer Science

Parent Collection: 

Theses and Dissertations

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