This thesis is the first historical study to engage with the overlooked topic of art exhibitions held in Montreal's department stores between the beginning of the century and the end of the Second World War. Although Montreal was home (though not concurrently) to fifteen department stores, this thesis is limited to Dupuis Frères, Henry Morgan & Co., Ogilvy's and the T. Eaton Co.. They created an image of themselves not only as spaces for retail, but as active cultural actors within the larger phenomenon of the visual arts in Montreal. By the 1930s, they were essential parts of the Montreal art scene. By examining these stores' display of art, and by setting this activity within the larger context of opportunities to view visual art in the city, this thesis recuperates the role of department stores in Montreal as active agents in the production, circulation and consumption of art.