Charge distribution in Pb (208) and Pb (206) and isotope shift

Creator: 

Chu, Lily

Date: 

1966

Abstract: 

We have analysed the muonio x-rays in Pb (208) and determined the two parameters in the Fermi charge distribution. We find the contribution of the volume effect to the isotope shift in Pb (208)-Pb(206) disagrees with the
experiments. The ratio is

ΔEexp / ΔEvol = 0.55

for 2p1/2 - ls1/2 transition.

We disouss another effect which may cause isotope shift. We caloulate the distortion effect using the pairing force model and show that the effect is very small for the case of Pb(206).

Then we introduce a new parameter "s" in the Fermi charge distribution to give a modified charge distribution with a central depression in charge density. By fitting to the observed isotope shift, we find the value of s is 0.3 f-1
for Pb(206). We compare the transition energies and splittings with the measurements. The good agreement shows that the compressibility of the nucleus plays a role in determining the charge distribution in Pb (206). The magnitude of this effect on the effective radius is about 0.14%.

Subject: 

Lead -- Isotopes
Nuclear Physics

Language: 

English

Publisher: 

Carleton University

Thesis Degree Name: 

Master of Science: 
M.Sc.

Thesis Degree Level: 

Master's

Thesis Degree Discipline: 

Physics

Parent Collection: 

Theses and Dissertations

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