Recreational fishing is an important activity primarily enjoyed for the purposes of pleasure or competition. Despite the many benefits of interacting with nature and harvesting wild food, recreational fishing presents a myriad of negative impacts to fish populations, thus requiring management interventions to ensure sustainability. Since management conservation measures typically involve angler compliance with regulations and voluntary adoption of proconservation behaviours, I analyzed social data from two fisheries facing contrasting conservation challenges to identify the prevalence of self-reported proconservation behaviours among recreational anglers. I further investigated the factors which influence such behaviours in an effort to dissect how certain desired behaviours may be encouraged to support management conservation goals and to contribute to knowledge surrounding angler behaviour. My results indicate high levels of participation in voluntary proconservation behaviours and may inform management strategies that would benefit from angler participation.